The Feather Thief by Kirk Wallace Johnson

The Feather Thief is a delightful read that successfully combines many genres – biography, true crime, ornithology, history, travel and memoir – to tell the story of an audacious heist of rare bird skins from the Natural History Museum at Tring in 2009. Somehow I managed not to hear about it at the time, but it was huge news in terms of museum collections and endangered species crime. The tendrils of this thorny case wind around Victorian explorers, tycoons, and fashionistas through to modern obsessions with music, fly-fishing and refugees.

Author Kirk Wallace Johnson worked for USAID in Iraq, heading up the reconstruction of Fallujah, then founded a non-profit organization rehoming refugees in America. Plagued by PTSD, he turned to fly-fishing as therapy, and this was how he heard about the curious case of Edwin Rist, who stole the bird specimens from Tring to sell the bright feathers to fellow hobbyists who tie elaborate Victorian-style fishing flies.

Rist, from upstate New York, was a 20-year-old flautist studying at the Royal Academy of Music in London. Since age 11 he’d been fixated on fly-tying, especially old-fashioned salmon ties, which use exotic feathers or ordinary ones dyed to look like them. An online friend told him he should check out Tring – the museum Walter Rothschild’s financier father built for him as a twenty-first birthday present – when he got to London. In 2008 Rist scoped out the collection, pretending to be photographing the birds of paradise for a friend’s book.

A year later he took the train to Tring one summer night with an empty suitcase and a glass cutter, broke in through a window, stole 300 bird skins, and made it back to his flat without incident. The museum only discovered the crime a month later, by accident. Rist sold many feathers and whole birds via a fly-tying forum and on eBay. It was nearly another year and a half before the police knocked on his door, having been alerted by a former law enforcement officer who encountered a museum-grade bird skin at the Dutch Fly Fair and asked where it came from.

An interior shot showing some plates of fishing flies.

Here is where things get really interesting, at least for me. Rist confessed immediately, but a psychological evaluation diagnosed him with Asperger’s; on the strength of that mental health defense he was given a suspension and a large fine, but no jail time, so he graduated from the Royal Academy as normal and auditioned for jobs. The precedent was a case from 2000 in which a young man with Asperger’s who stole human remains from a Bristol graveyard was exonerated.

The book is in three parts: the first gives historical context about specimen collection and the early feather trade; the second is a blow-by-blow of Rist’s crime and the aftermath, including the trial; and the third goes into Wallace’s own investigation process. He started by attending a fly-tying symposium, where he felt like an outsider and even received vague threats: Rist was now a no-go subject for this community. But Wallace wasn’t going to be deterred. Sixty-four bird skins were still missing, and his quest was to track them down. He started by contacting Rist’s confirmed customers, then interviewed Rist himself in Germany and traveled to Norway to meet someone who might have been Rist’s accomplice – or fall guy.

From the back cover.

I happened to be a bit too familiar with the related history – I’ve read a lot of books that touch on Alfred Russel Wallace, whose specimens formed the core of the Tring collection, as well as a whole book on the feather trade for women’s hats and the movement against the extermination, which led to the formation of the Audubon Society (Kris Radish’s The Year of Necessary Lies). This meant that I was a little impatient with the first few chapters, but if you are new to these subjects you shouldn’t have that problem. For me the highlights were the reconstruction of the crime itself and Wallace’s inquiry into whether the Asperger’s diagnosis was accurate and a fair excuse for Rist’s behavior.

This whole story is stranger than fiction, which would make it a great selection for readers who don’t often pick up nonfiction, perhaps expecting it to be dry or taxing. Far from it. This is the very best sort of nonfiction: wide-ranging, intelligent and gripping.

My rating:


The Feather Thief was published in the UK by Hutchinson on April 26th. My thanks to Najma Finlay for the free copy for review.

17 responses

  1. Like you, I’d not heard of this heist before reading another review of Johnson’s book. Yours is a timely reminder as I’d forgotten to add it to my list. Thanks!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I’ve even been to Tring and still hadn’t twigged. That was probably in 2012. It’s a very nice museum well worth the trip.

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Wow, that sounds like an unusual and fascinating book and – I agree – one to tempt those people who aren’t usually keen on non-fiction.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Strong story line and vibrant characters — the same sorts of things a good novel needs!

      Liked by 1 person

  3. I too knew nothing of this crime at the time. But I plan to put that right soon. Thanks!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. It’s only tangentially about birds, but I still think bird lovers would be drawn to the book.

      Liked by 1 person

  4. Interesting! This sounds like something I might like. I don’t read nonfiction nearly as much as fiction, and when I do it’s usually memoirs or essays. But this one appeals to me, thanks for writing about it.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Johnson’s own story, which we learn about a little bit in this book, is interesting in itself. It made me want to read his first book, which is about his experiences working in Iraq and with refugees. This is so many different things, including a memoir, a travel book, and a true crime investigation, that I hope it will attract lots of readers.

      Liked by 1 person

  5. Annabel (gaskella) | Reply

    I’m loving the developments in non-fiction writing that are bringing entertaining and less dry books to a greater audience. This book sounds irresistible – I’ve always meant to visit the Tring museum, but haven’t got there yet.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I think you’d enjoy this one too.


  6. This is so brilliant and I’m so glad you picked it up! It ticks so many boxes – and the investigation that Johnson starts is, I agree, the heart of the book’s suspense. (There was a point at which I wondered whether Rist might actually be a bit dangerous, or at least a bit unhinged.)


    1. Thank you for your reading diary entry about it — it convinced me to get hold of a copy!

      Liked by 1 person

  7. This sounds fascinating! I would like to know how he managed his theft without getting caught! I’m also curious to find out if the author tracked down any more of the missing skins…
    The Year of Necessary Lies sounds good, too!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Tring wasn’t very high-security at the time (I’m sure it is now!), so he just gathered up loads of the skins really quickly and managed not to be seen by the guard on overnight duty. I’ll let you find out the rest by reading the book 🙂

      Liked by 1 person

  8. I’m not a big non-fiction reader (too many books, so little time), but I think I’d make an exception and add this one to my wish list, as it sounds fascinating!

    Liked by 1 person

  9. […] the audio book version of The Feather Thief and it’s fascinating. I heard about this book from Rebecca from Bookish Beck. I prefer nonfiction when I listen to audio books, do […]


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